We do not encourage breeding of any kind and strongly urge pet owners to act responsibly by spaying and neutering all of their pets. Large numbers of cats are destroyed across United Arab Emirates (and the world in general) each year because there are far more cats born than homes can be found.
Cats can reach sexual maturity as early as 4 months, at which point they become capable of mating and producing offspring. The best age to carry out the sterilisation procedure is around 4-6 months, depending on the growth of the kitten. Two cats (male & female) will produce 20,000 kittens in just 5 years, taking the kittens of the kittens into account like a pyramid effect. The procedure can be done at any stage of the cat’s life, but for adult cats undesirable behavior patterns may be more difficult to alter, because certain behavior has already become habitual.
Sterilising your cat actually extends their life expectancy, and they do not develop many diseases they would unsterilised. They are a lot calmer, a lot more loving to the owners and become very placid and non-aggressive. The procedure is simple, the animal does not suffer in any way. The vet sedates the cat, and tiny incisions are made to remove the reproductive organs, only requiring 1-2 small stitches. They recover within a day.
Intact male cats tend to roam far away from home and be aggressive to other cats, which can lead to injuries and serious infectious diseases such as feline immunodeficiency virus (feline 'AIDS') and feline leukemia virus. Males also display territorial tendencies by spraying urine to mark their space, including on “their” territory inside the house.
The procedure that is carried out on male cats is called neutering or castration. This is a relatively simple operation which involves removing both testicles under general anesthetic through small incisions.
Sterilising the female cats prevents the behavioral problems associated with coming in season such as calling a mate, which can become a very noisy round-the-clock affair. A female cat may also start “humping” furniture and other household objects – good luck explaining that one to your young children. Cycles of sexual activity can be suppressed by giving you cat certain medications, but these have proved to have significant side effects and cannot be used over a longer period of time.
Sterilizing female cats consists of removing the uterus and ovaries. This ensures that, not only the unwanted pregnancies are prevented, but also the hormones that are responsible for the wild behavior are no longer produced.
You will need to withhold food from your pet the evening prior to the anesthetic. Water should still be available to your cat. The cat will normally need to be dropped off to the veterinary clinic in the morning between 8 a.m. and 9 a.m. and the procedure will normally require a prior appointment.
Your pet should be available to go home the same day and can be collected in the afternoon. In the rare cases when complications occur, the vet may advise you to keep the cat at the clinic overnight for observation and treatment.
Your kitty will usually be drowsy for a few hours but will recover quickly. It can be given a small meal later in the day and can be fed normally the following day. Keep the cat quiet for a day or so because the internal injuries will need time to heal. It is important not to let the cat outside the house for a few days so that the wounds do not get infected. Placing paper instead of sand or crystals in the cat’s letterbox prevents these from getting stuck in the wounds which can cause discomfort and infection.
You will need to seek veterinary care if:
- the cat vomits or is reluctant to eat for more than a day after the surgery;
- your cat does not resume its normal activity levels the next day;
- blood is observed in the cat's urine;
- the incision bleeds or the surgical site swells.
After the sterilization cats tend to gain some weight, especially males, due to diminished physical activity. Obesity can result in health complications, therefore it is important to monitor the cat for weight gain and regulate its diet, especially if it spends little or no time outdoors. You can discuss the weight concerns with the pet’s veterinary doctor if necessary.